GURGAON: At least three children reportedly lost their lives to diphtheria while seven others were affected across Pawal and adjoining Nuh villages.
Following the deaths, the state health department launched a door-to-door surveillance drive in areas of Palwal and Nuh where reoccurrence of diphtheria cases have occurred over that last five years. 11 teams of ANMs and vaccinators were formed for the same.
According to the health department, two boys, aged four and seven years respectively, and an 11-year-old girl have died due to diphtheria — a purely vaccine-preventable disease — in Palwal district in October, so far.
Diphtheria is a serious infection caused by strains of bacteria called corynebacterium diphtheriae that make toxins. It can lead to difficulty breathing, heart rhythm problems and even death. The first death occurred on October 2 in Utawava village, the second death occurred on 13 October and the third on 16 October. All three were confirmed as diphtheria deaths on October 21.
Officials are checking everyone in the area for symptoms such as sore throat, low fever and swollen glands in the neck. In severe cases, it may cause myocarditis or peripheral neuropathy. It makes breathing and swallowing difficult.
The disease is spread through direct physical contact or from breathing in the aerosolized secretions from coughs or sneezes of infected individuals.



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